and/or Corrosive (Combustible/Water-Sensitive)
FIRE OR EXPLOSION
Combustible material: may burn
but does not ignite readily.
Substance will react with water
(some violently) releasing flammable, toxic or corrosive gases and runoff.
When heated, vapors may form
explosive mixtures with air: indoors, outdoors, and sewers explosion hazards.
Most vapors are heavier than
air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas
(sewers, basements, tanks).
Vapors may travel to source of
ignition and flash back.
Contact with metals may evolve
flammable hydrogen gas.
Containers may explode when heated
or if contaminated with water.
TOXIC; inhalation, ingestion
or contact (skin, eyes) with vapors, dusts or substance may cause severe
injury, burns, or death.
Reaction with water or moist
air will release toxic, corrosive or flammable gases.
Reaction with water may generate
much heat which will increase the concentration of fumes in the air.
Fire will produce irritating,
corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Runoff from fire control or dilution
water may be corrosive and/or toxic and cause pollution.
CALL Emergency Response Telephone
Number on Shipping Paper first. If Shipping Paper not available or no answer,
refer to appropriate telephone number listed on the inside back cover.
Isolate spill or leak area immediately
for at least 50 to 100 meters (160 to 330 feet) in all directions.
Keep unauthorized personnel away.
Keep out of low areas.
Ventilate enclosed areas.
Wear positive pressure self-contained
breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Wear chemical protective clothing
which is specifically recommended by the manufacturer. It may provide little
or no thermal protection.
Structural firefighters' protective
clothing provides limited protection in fire situations ONLY; it is not
effective in spill situations.
See the Table of Initial Isolation
and Protective Action Distances for highlighted substances. For non-highlighted
substances, increase, in the downwind direction, as necessary, the isolation
distance shown under "PUBLIC SAFETY".
If tank, rail car or tank truck
is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions;
also, consider initial evacuation for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions.
Note: Most foams will react with
the material and release corrosive/toxic gases.
SPILL OR LEAK
CO2, dry chemical, dry sand,
Fire involving Tanks or Car/Trailer
Water spray, fog or alcohol-resistant
FOR CHLOROSILANES, DO NOT
USE WATER; use AFFF alcohol-resistant medium expansion foam.
Move containers from fire area
if you can do it without risk.
Use water spray or fog; do not
use straight streams.
Fight fire from maximum distance
or use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles.
Do not get water inside containers.
Cool containers with flooding
quantities of water until well after fire is out.
Withdraw immediately in case
of rising sound from venting safety devices or discoloration of tank.
ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed
ELIMINATE all ignition sources
(no smoking, flares, sparks or flames in immediate area).
All equipment used when handling
the product must be grounded.
Do not touch damaged containers
or spilled material unless wearing appropriate protective clothing.
Stop leak if you can do it without
A vapor suppressing foam may
be used to reduce vapors.
FOR CHLOROSILANES, use
AFFF alcohol-resistant medium expansion foam to reduce vapors.
DO NOT GET WATER on spilled
substance or inside containers.
Use water spray to reduce vapors
or divert vapor cloud drift. Avoid allowing water runoff to contact spilled
Prevent entry into waterways,
sewers, basements or confined areas.
Cover with DRY earth, DRY sand,
or other non-combustible material followed with plastic sheet to minimize
spreading or contact with rain.
Use clean non-sparking tools
to collect material and place it into loosley covered plastic containers
for later disposal.
Move victim to fresh air.
Call 911 or emergency medical
Apply artificial respiration
if victim is not breathing.
Do not use mouth-to-mouth
method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; induce artificial respiration
with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper
respiratory medical device.
Administer oxygen if breathing
Remove and isolate contaminated
clothing and shoes.
In case of contact with substance,
immediately flush skin or eyes with running water for at least 20 minutes.
For minor skin contact, avoid
spreading material on unaffected skin.
Keep victim warm and quiet.
Effects of exposure (inhalation,
ingestion or skin contact) to substance may be delayed.
Ensure that medical personnel
are aware of the material(s) involved, and take precautions to protect
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